The hake is a fish of the merlucidae family. It is also gadiform (with radiated fins) like cod, whiting and haddock and appreciates cold waters (10°) and depths of up to 1000 metres. This predator is a rather voracious carnivore. its large mouth is equipped with well-developed pointed teeth to be able to catch other fish, crustaceans and molluscs. It tends to live close to the bottom and feed at night. It can be up to 1 meter long and weigh up to 15 kilograms!
The hake of the Bay of Biscay has experienced significant fishing pressure for several years, especially on juveniles. Following more drastic management measures(introduction of fishing quotas) and an improvement in the selectivity of fishing gear, the stock has returned to a satisfactory level. Four European fisheries are currently MSC certified.
These measures are necessary because hake is a species with a fairly long generation time. It reaches sexual maturity at 4 years for males and 7 years for females and can live up to 20 years! To be marketed, hake must measure more than 50 cm.
Hake can also be called whiting in the Mediterranean.
To preserve firm flesh, it is advisable to prepare and eat it quickly after purchase..
On a whole hake, the yield is 50% in fillets with skin.